How to Grow Marijuana Outdoors: Step-by-Step Guide
If there’s one thing that marijuana growers know about growing their favorite strains, it’s that outdoor cultivation practices can sometimes yield better results than indoor growing environments. On that note, there are things to take note when letting marijuana plants bask in the glory of the outdoor sun. We’re here to help you out in that regard. Continue reading as we show you our step-by-step guide on how to grow marijuana outdoors.
Step 1: Choose Your Outdoor Growing Method
Contrary to what many beginner outdoor marijuana gardeners may believe, outdoor cultivation methods don’t fall under a single category. There are two major types of outdoor marijuana growing and those are Guerilla Outdoor Growing and the standard Outdoor Growing.
Traditional outdoor marijuana growing methods allow you to grow cannabis strains in your property. On the other hand, Guerilla Growing lets you grow the plants in another property. Some gardeners may even plant the seeds in a public property (just make sure you properly get the rights to use the land). There are advantages and disadvantages to using either of these methods to ensure that you weigh your options first before attempting to grow the plants.
Step 2: Think About Light Exposure
Perhaps the most critical step during the planning phase in growing marijuana plants in outdoor environments is thinking about light. You should consider the angle of the sun when it hits your plants. To grow successful and bountiful yields, you need to ensure that your strains gain a minimum of 5 hours of sunlight per day.
You can make this step as simple as possible is by surveying the land during spring. At this time, head outside during midday; keep track of the sun in a 360-degree circle. If you’re standing (or sitting) in a spot where you get plenty of sunlight throughout a 5-hour period, then that’s a good area for outdoor marijuana cultivation.
Step 3: Be Wary of Frost
Frost is a dangerous ingredient to add to outdoor marijuana plants as it has the potential to wipe out all but the most cold-tolerant strains. It occurs when outside temperatures reach below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius). You’ll immediately notice frost buildup on the leaves and flowers of your plants when ice crystals start to form.
Take note of your area’s weather conditions especially if you live in a location where it’s usually cold all-year-round. Wind and moisture also play important roles in frost buildup on marijuana plants so take note of those elements as well.
Step 4: Knowing the Best Time to Grow
If you want to make it easy on yourself to know the best time to cultivate marijuana plants outdoors, just think of the following statement – If corn can grow there, then marijuana plants can flourish there as well. Many expert marijuana gardeners already know that the ideal time to start growing your plants is between the months of March and early May.
You should also consider planting your seeds after the last frosting period of the year. Another route to take is to start plating indoors. In doing so, you can take advantage of a grow tent kit to deliver rich CO2 to your cannabis strains without worrying about frost.
Step 5: Take a Look at the Soil
Aside from sunlight, outdoor growing also means considering the land. Most marijuana plants like soil with a pH balance of approximately 6.5 and can drain well. Furthermore, you’ll know when it’s good soil for cannabis strains when you squeeze it and it easily breaks apart even when you just poke it. Perlite, sand, and vermiculite are options you don’t want to take as these soils drain poorly.
Step 6: Checking Available Water Sources
Nearby sources of fresh clean water are always ideal for growing healthy marijuana plants. If by any chance, there’s no clean water in the area, then you should consider partially burying large buckets or barrels. These containers should collect the right amount of rainwater to use for watering your cannabis strains.
If burying large containers is still not an option, then you may need to bring water to your outdoor plants. Bring water to your plants at night and then proceed to water them the following morning. Still, consider yourself lucky if you can find an area where your marijuana plants can grow while getting enough clean water and sunlight.
Step 7: Keep the Plants Away From Pests
If there’s one thing most outdoor marijuana gardeners hate, it’s pests. Wild animals both large and small might chip and eat away all your hard work. You should find or build a growing location to keep the strains away from foxes, wolves, and bears. Aside from these large creatures, ensure that your buds aren’t the subject to buffets by small insects.
Putting up a fence can help keep the bears and large animals at bay. On the other hand, you can place a small drinking glass on top or near your plants to act as a humidity tent to keep deer and rodents out. If you’re going to use insecticides, it’s best to go the natural route to avoid harming your crops.
Step 8: Be Wary of Human Intervention
Some people don’t take kindly to growing marijuana so they might sneak up to your growing location to get rid of your crops. Always be on the vigilant lookout for trespassers. If you’re going to use Guerilla Growing methods, then ensure your plants are away from the prying eyes and hands of hunters and hikers.
Furthermore, always remember that what might be invisible in the ground won’t be indistinguishable in the air. Your cannabis strains might be properly camouflaged when bunched together with other plants. However, they might still emanate distinct aromas which will get the attention of nearby people and animals.
Now that you’ve got all the necessary preparation underway, it’s time to start planting your strains. Growing marijuana outdoors may seem like a complicated process, especially for beginners. Remember, practice makes perfect; with enough experience in growing marijuana plants, you’ll eventually become an expert at it. If you’ve become lost during the preparation process, feel free to go back to this page.